The Suffragette Movement is a 'romantic' movement, in that we've romanticized these social activists, to a degree.
It will be interesting to see how Carrie Mulligan/Meryl Streep's new movie, Suffragette, will deal with history. The movie is slated for release in October.
We forget how much these suffragettes were feared and loathed in 1912/13 by many people, even by those people who wanted women to get the vote.
But I've just uncovered a TRULY romantic Hollywood-Style romance about one of Mrs. Pankhurst's troops.
And, yea, it's got a Montreal angle!
I've written an ebook, Furies Cross the Mersey, about the British Invasion of Militant Suffragettes to Montreal in 1912/13.It's available on Amazon.
Mrs. Pankhurst visited Canada on two occasions to speak. She made just one visit to Montreal, in late 1911. She was the guest of the Montreal Council of Women. Carrie Derick, Past-President, had requested that she be invited to the city, 'to hear the other side of the question.'
Barbara Wylie of the WSPU came to Canada in early September, 1912 and stayed until 1913. In her speeches, Wylie bragged about having been to jail.
The pretty suffragette traveled all the way to British Columbia, during a winter of record cold.
Then she returned to England and became the spokesperson for Mrs. Pankhurst for a while - and then she got arrested in a protest in front of His Majesty's Theater in London. You can read all about her Canadian escapades in Furies Cross the Mersey.
Caroline Kenney, sister of prominent militant Annie Kenney, came to Montreal, Canada in December, 1912 and stayed a few years.
Iconic Image of Annie Kenney and Christabel Pankhurst.
I write about Caroline in my Furies book, too, and will write more in the follow up, Service and Disservice about the years 1913-19 and the Conscription Crisis of 1917.
Caroline came to stay with her older sister Nell in St. Lambert. I have seen her immigration documentation. She intended to stay in the country and work as a teacher.
While in Montreal, she helped found, in late 1913, the Montreal Equal Suffrage League. It was to be a group made up of militants and non-militants.The ESL didn't get much press. Caroline, herself, gave a couple of talks upon her arrival, to a Jewish Group and to the Women's Temperance Union.
She got bad press for her first talk, about the "Evolution of Militancy." Militancy was a very dirty word in Montreal and Canadian suffrage circles in 1912/13, even though many, many women sympathized with Mrs. Pankhurst's WSPU.
Caroline's sister, Nell, had immigrated to Canada in 1909 and married Frank Randall Clarke, a journalist, late of the Daily Mail of London.
I figured out that Nell Kenney had acted on behalf of Mrs. Pankhurst's militants in 1908 in England. There are mentions of her meetings in Votes for Women Magazine.
And, just lately, I read an account of that romantic 'suffragette' story I told you about.
Lyndsey Jenkins, an Oxford scholar, soon to release a new biography of prominent British Suffragette Lady Constance Lytton (and now researching the Kenney Family) sent me a certain biographical document saying that Frank Randall Clarke met Nell at an election rally for Lord Asquith, one she disrupted on behalf of the suffragettes.
The police fell on Nell hard, apparently. (Naturally!) And who came to her rescue? A young reporter covering the Asquith speech, one Frank Randall Clarke.
From Ann Lynn Becker's McGill Thesis via McCord Museum.
Clarke fell in love with the suffering suffragette, followed her to her 'safe haven' in England and ...well... the document says he married her in England.. but, that's not right.
I have seen their marriage certificate. They came to Canada in 1909 and married here in Montreal.
It seems that they had to get out of England quickly.
Now, isn't that romantic? Reeealllly romantic? Hollywood-style romantic?
I'd say so.
I see nothing in the newspapers to indicate Nell worked for the suffrage cause while in Montreal, but by 1913 she had two infants.
Frank Randall Clarke's new place of work, the Montreal Witness Newspaper, was for woman suffrage, but covered the British Suffragettes in the most sensational way! See the pic at top.
Still, I can see from the membership list of the Montreal Suffrage Association that St. Lambert, a community of Anglos south of Montreal Island, was an enclave of suffragists. The MSA had lots of members from that place. (The MSA, upon launch in 1913, promised to be peaceful and reasonable and to go about a quiet education of the people.)
That seemed weird to me at first. Why St. Lambert, of all places?
Now, I know why. A dyed-in-the-wool militant suffragette moved there in 1912-13, at the height of the movement, at the height of all the controversy.
Anyway, Frank Randall Clarke became a prominent social activist in Montreal, lobbying for better labour conditions, and the author of the biographical document assumes that Nell helped him along.
His fonds are at the McCord Museum in Montreal. They include photos of the Royal Princes on their Montreal visits, wearing suits so sleek, so finely threaded, they shimmer, and also pictures of homeless men during the Depression sleeping in their rags on park benches.
Whatever, Frank Randall Clarke appeared to adore his wife all through their time together. They had more children.
Nell accompanied Frank on a cross-country assignment of behalf of CP Rail in the 1930's. A McGill Thesis was written on the project by Ann Lynne Becker. You can read it here.